Watermelon is thought to have originated in southern Africa , where it is found growing wild, because it reaches maximum generic diversity there, resulting in sweet, bland and bitter forms.
An orange—specifically, the sweet orange—is the Citrus sinensis (Citrus Sinensis (L.) Osbeck) and its fruit. It is the most commonly grown tree fruit in the world.Orange trees are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit, which is peeled or cut (to avoid the bitter rind) and eaten whole, or processed to extract orange juice , and also for the fragrant peel. In 2008, 68.5 million tons of oranges were grown worldwide, primarily in Brazil and the US states California and Florida.
The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family. It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus malus that are used by humans. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. The tree originated in western asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii , is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have been present in the mythology and religions of many cultures, including Norse, greek and Christian traditions. In 2010, the fruit’s gerome was decoded, leading to new understandings of disease control and selective breeding in apple production.
he longan (translated literally as “dragon eye”) is so named (from its transliteration from amoy) [liong-gan] because its fruit, when it is shelled, resembles an eyeball (the black seed shows through the translucent flesh like a pupil/iris). The seed is small, round and hard, and of an enamel-like, lacquered black. The fully ripened, freshly harvested shell is bark-like, thin, and firm, making the fruit easy to shell by squeezing the fruit out as if one is “cracking” a sunflower seed. When the shell has more moisture content and is more tender, the fruit becomes less convenient to shell. The tenderness of the shell
The pear is any of several tree species of genus Pyrus and also the name of the pomaceouse fruit of these trees. Several species of pear are valued by humans for their edible fruit, but the fruit of other species is small, hard, and astringent.
This list of melons includes members of the plant family Cucurbitaceae with edible, fleshy fruit e.g. gourds or cucurbits. The word “melon” can refer to either the plant or specifically to the fruit. Many different cultivates have been produced, particularly of muskmelon. Although the melon is a botanical fruit, some varieties may be considered culinary vegetables rather than fruits. The word melon derives from Latin melopepo,which is the latinization of the Greek , meaning “melon”, itself a compound of (mēlon), “apple”+ (pepōn), amongst others “a kind of gourd or melon”.
A grape is a non-climacteric fruits, specifically a berry, that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis .
Chico is believed to be native to Yucatan and possibly other nearby parts of southern Mexico, as well as northern Belize and northeastern Guatemala. It was introduced long ago throughout tropical America and the West Indies and the southern part of the Florida mainland. Chico is a prolific tree. It bears fruit most months of the year and can be grown in many parts of the country. Even during harvest peaks, chico can still command good market price
The apricot, Prunus armeniaca, is a species of Prunus, classified with the plum in the sub-genus Prunus. The native range is somewhat uncertain due to its extensive prehistoric cultivation.
Citrus is a common term and genus (Citrus) of flowering plant in the rue family, Rutacaea. Citrus is believed to have originated in the part of Southeast asia bordered by Northeastern India, Myanmar (Burma) and the Yunnan province of China, Citrus fruit has been cultivated in an ever-widening area since ancient times; the best-known examples are the oranges, lemons, grapefruit, and limes.
Pineapple (Ananas comosus), atropical plant with edible multiple fruit consisting of coalesced berries, named for resemblance to the pine cone, is the most economically important plant in the bromeliaceae family. Pineapples may be cultivated from a crown cutting of the fruit, possibly flowering in 20-24 months and fruiting in the following six months.
The papaya , papaw, or pawpaw is the fruit of the plant Carica papaya, the sole species in the genus carica of the plant family caricaea. It is native to the tropics of the americas, and was first cultivated in mexico several centuries before the emergence of the mesoamericanclassical civilizations.
The papaya is a large tree-like plant, with a single stem growing from 5 to 10 metres (16 to 33 ft) tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk. The lower trunk is conspicuously scarred where leaves and fruit were borne. The leaves are large, 50–70 centimetres (20–28 in) diameter, deeply palmately lobed with 7 lobes. The tree is usually unbranched, unless lopped. The flowers are similar in shape to the flowers of the plumeria, but are much smaller and wax-like. They appear on the axils of the leaves, maturing into the large 15–45 centimetres (5.9–18 in) long, 10–30 centimetres (3.9–12 in) diameter fruit. The fruit is ripe when it feels soft (as soft as a ripe avocado or a bit softer) and its skin has attained an amber to orange hue.